POTHOS (Epiremnum aureum)
Pothos is rated one of the best indoor plants for removing air toxins. It serves to purify the air of formaldehyde, benzene and carbon monoxide. It is also known for eliminating indoor odors.
These plants are very easy to grow as they do not require much attention and actually thrive in neglect. Green money plant, golden money plant and n-joy money plant are the most preferred varieties of pothos.
General care: Pothos thrive in bright, indirect sunlight and are not suited for intense, direct sun.
Watering should be ideally done every 5-7 days. But moisture of plant should always be checked before watering as these plants do well when their soil is allowed to dry between waterings.
PEACE LILY (Spathiphyllum)
Peace lily is one of the most admired indoor plants because of its ravishing appearance and oxygen purifying abilities. Peace lily is as potent as Pothos in removing air toxins. These plants are scientifically proven to control volatile organic compounds and harmful gases present in our home. They also protect you from alcohol and acetone vapours that are present in mostly used household products. Presence of these vapours in air can induce headache and low blood pressure. In addition to this, these plants aid in good sleep by absorbing airborne mold spores that are common allergens.
General care: Like most of the indoor plants, peace lily also thrives in medium to low light. It is not tolerant to direct sunlight.
Watering should be done after checking the moisture of plant. Overwatering can rot the roots. Like pathos, it also grows well when soil is allowed to dry between waterings.
SNAKE PLANT (Dracaena trifasciata)
Snake plant, also known as Mother-in-Law’s Tongue, is head of the line amongst the decorative plants to endure the most unfavorable growing conditions. It is considered a top air purifying and oxygen producing plant for indoor environment. As per NASA studies, it is believed to remove toxins such as formaldehyde, xylene, toluene and nitrogen oxides. These plants release moisture and lessen allergens in air. Unlike most of the plants that uptake oxygen and release carbondioxide at night, snake plant uptakes carbondioxide during night as well because of its ability to perform Crassulacean Acid Metabolism.
General Care: Snake plants prefer bright, indirect light and can even tolerate some direct sunlight, but do best in medium light. These plants are sensitive to cold, therefore should be placed in a warm place.
Snake plant is drought tolerant, so watering should be done once a week after checking the moisture of plant. Let the soil dry out between watering.
RUBBER PLANT (Ficus elastica)
Rubber plant is an elegantly showy plant. Its broad, thick and glossy leaves are the reasons of its dazzling beauty. Its broad oval leaves may grow up to 10-30 cm long and 5-15 cm broad that play a central role in purifying indoor air. As per the studies, this plant is classified among plants efficient for improving indoor air quality. It purifies air by absorbing and converting harmful airborne chemicals to non-toxic ones. It converts indoor carbondioxide to breathable oxygen.
General care: It thrives in medium to bright indirect light, and can tolerate bright direct light. Watering should be done every 1-2 weeks, allowing soil to dry out between waterings. Increase frequency with increased light.
ARROWHEAD (Syngonium podophyllum)
Syngonium green is a fast-growing tropical plant that has variegated green and white leaves. This plant has a distinctive leaf, which changes from arrow shaped to a five lobed form as it matures. Syngonium pink is another variery of Arrowhead which has adorable pink heart shaped foliage. This plant is Ideal for both tabletops and floor planters. These plants reduce components of indoor air pollution, even volatile organic compounds like benzene, formaldehyde, toluene, and xylene. They also reduce airborne microbes and increase humidity. Syngoniums absorb pollutants into their leaves, and the toxins go to the root zone where they are transformed into nutrients for the plant.
General care: This plant mainly grows in moist and shady conditions on fertile soil. Do not expose this plant to direct sunlight.
The arrowhead plant should be allowed to dry out between waterings. Although the plant enjoys some moisture, it should not be kept too wet. Mist the plant daily or place its container on a tray filled with pebbles and water to increase humidity for optimal growth.
SPIDER PLANT (Chlorophytum comosum)
This plant got its common name from the small plantlets produced on long trailing stems that vaguely resemble spiders. Being easy to grow and propagate, tolerant of neglect, and able to thrive in nearly any type of condition, it is popular among beginners. This plant can adapt to various climatic conditions easily and doesn’t mind the occasional mistakes of overwatering and underwatering.
It is most effective in removing carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, Xylene, and toluene. As per National Wildlife Federation article, spider plant removes more than 95 percent of toxic agents from the air. In addition to this, these plants absorb ozone and nitrogen oxide that have many harmful effects on human body. Moreover, these plants are helpful in lowering systolic blood pressure, and relieving pain, anxiety, and fatigue.
General care: Place the plant in bright to moderate light in a room that’s a comfortable temperature for everyone.
Keep the soil slightly moist. Once-a-week watering is sufficient in spring and summer; in winter, allow the soil to dry a bit more between waterings.
ENGLISH IVY (Hedera helix)
These are are superb climbers, clinging to almost any surface by means of small roots that grow along the stems. These plants are attractive as well as useful. English ivy is one of the best air-purifying plants, which is proven in many studies. It removes VOCs like benzene, toluene, octane, and trichloroethylene. It is a great plant to improve respiratory health as it contains antioxidants and has antiallergic and antispasmodic properties. These plants are also found to reduce particles of fecal matter and mold.
General care: At home indoors or out, English ivy does well planted in containers or baskets where its trailing vines can hang down. Ivy needs protection from winter winds as well as the hot summer sun. When grown indoors, these plants needs bright, indirect light in summer but can benefit from some direct light in winter.
Ivies prefer to be kept slightly on the dry side, so let the soil dry out some before you water your ivy plants again.
ARECA PALM (Dypsis lutescens)
Areca palm is one of the best tropical foliage plants, easy to grow, and cleanse the indoor air as well. It is a natural cooler that can remove xylene and toluene from the atmosphere. This plant has the ability to not just filter the air around but also add moisture to the surroundings, absorbing all the toxins, leaving the air clean and fresh. Because of large surface area of leaves, it can produce more oxygen. This plant is also believed to bring wealth, peace, and prosperity to the house, pushing out negative energy, and attracting positivity.
General care: It grows well in bright indirect sunlight. Avoid exposure to direct, harsh sunlight as it can burn the foliage.
Since it is a tropical plant, keep the soil slightly moist, reduce watering in winter.
BOSTON FERN (Nephrolepis exaltata)
Boston fern is a very popular ornamental plant grown as a houseplant in cold climates. It is known for its lush foliage and feathery ferns which look super voguish when hung in macramé hangers. This plant is preferred by many because of its elegant look and health benefits offered by it. This plant is considered one of the best air purifying houseplants because of its lush green foliage. It purifies air by absorbing formaldehyde, xylene and toluene. It is said to be most beneficial to those who suffer from dry skin or irritably dry noses or throats as it improves humidity by restoring moisture to the air.
General care: It flourishes in Bright indirect light. Don't place these plants in direct harsh sun as it may burn their leaves. You may place these plants indoors, near a window where it gets filtered light. Keep your fern’s soil moist, but not soggy. Slightly reduce watering during the winter.
AGLAONEMA (Chinese evergreen)
Because of their appearance and effortless thriving in low light areas, Aglaonemas are the most loved indoor plants. These plants are perfect for offices, hallways and rooms with small windows or artificial lighting. Aglaonema helps to purify indoor air by cleaning out benzene and formaldehyde.
NASA recommends two or three plants in 8 to 10-inch pots for every 100 square feet.
General care: This plant doesn't like direct sun. These plants grow well indoors also, as these plants are tolerant to low light conditions. You can keep them in shade outdoor where light is bright.
These plants are sensitive to overwatering. They can tolerate underwatering but not over watering. Between watering lets the top 1-2 inch of soil dry out. If kept outdoor, you can water them every alternate day.